Population Pressures : Features

There are 86 documents in this section.

  • The missing millions

    8 July 2003

    Up to 100 million girls are 'missing' from the global population: victims of sex-selected abortion and neglect. The health of many who survive is severely compromised by poor nutrition, teenage pregnancy and harmful social practices.

  • Environmental footprints: a tale of two families

    21 January 2003

    Every family on the planet has its own impact on the global environment and the natural resources it contains. Here Don Hinrichsen looks at the 'ecological footprint' of two contrasting families.

  • Remember Rwanda? - A special report by James Gasana

    6 January 2003

    The Rwanda genocide of 1994 seemed inexplicable at the time. But a study of links between extreme environmental degradation and the enormous violence that occurred between Hutus and Tutsis could have important implications for stressed populations in other regions. Here, James Gasana, Rwanda's Minister of Agriculture and Environment in 1990-92, and Minister of Defence in 1992-93 shows how half a century of rapid population growth, land degradation, inequitable access to resources, political power struggles, famine, and betrayal, led to an ethnic bloodbath.

  • A "snapshot" of populations in Asia

    12 July 2002

    The demographic transition has been more rapid and more dramatic in Asia than in any other part of the world. Fueled by economic growth and the diffusion of new ideas and health and family planning technologies, both mortality and fertility have declined in every country of the region.

  • Malawi stalked by AIDS

    26 April 2002

    HIV/AIDS is decimating Malawi's population, with catastrophic results. The scourge is not just a personal tragedy or a health problem, but is a national development issue because of the social and economic problems it creates. Sam Mpasu reports.

  • The greening of China

    12 April 2002

    China, one-fifth of humankind, is at a crucial juncture. The economic reforms of the late 1970s have propelled China to the forefront of the global economy. This has come at a steep environmental cost. The country is one of the most polluted in the world. As China strives to expand the economic growth of its eastern coastal belt to its untapped western parts, Changhua Wu, expert on China at the World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, analyses the state of the country's environment and what it is likely to be.

  • India's vanishing girls

    21 February 2002

    An alarming drop in the number of girls born in India is being blamed on a strong cultural preference for sons - coupled with cheap and widely available medical tests that can tell parents the sex of their unborn child. Sudha Ramachandran reports.

  • Paving the planet: can China take a different route?

    18 April 2001

    As the new century begins, the competition between cars and crops for cropland is intensifying. Until now, the paving over of cropland has occurred largely in industrial countries, home to four fifths of the world's 520 million cars. But now, more and more farmland is being sacrificed in developing countries with hungry populations, calling into question the future role of the car. Lester Brown of the Worldwatch Insititute reports.

  • China's one-child policy enters new phase

    15 February 2001

    Twenty-one years after it introduced its 'one child' population policy, China is keeping its promise to allow only-children who marry each other, to have a second child. This rule is now being applied in most provinces as these children start having families of their own. And Government officials have confirmed that the policy itself will be phased out once the first one-child generation has grown up.

  • Immunisations fall in developing countries

    9 January 2001

    A three-decade effort to protect children and adults in the developing world by vaccinating them against six killer diseases is quietly losing momentum. Only 10 years after UNICEF declared victory in reaching its goal of immunizing 80 per cent of vulnerable populations around the world, many sub-Saharan countries have fallen below 50 per cent coverage; in three the rate is less than 31 per cent. In parts of India and elsewhere, the situation is scarcely better.