Food and Agriculture : Glossary

There are 46 documents in this section.

  • Environment

    23 May 2002

    A combination of the various physical and biological elements that affect the life of an organism. Although it is common to refer to 'the' environment, there are in fact many environments eg, aquatic or terrestrial, microscopic to global, all capable of change in time and place, but all intimately linked and in combination constituting the whole earth/atmosphere system.

  • Development

    23 May 2002

    A process of economic and social transformation that defies simple definition. Though often viewed as a strictly economic process involving growth and diversification of a country's economy, development is a qualitative concept that entails complex social, cultural, and environmental changes. There are many models of what 'development' should look like and many different standards of what constitutes 'success'.

  • Environmentally-sound

    23 May 2002

    The maintenance of a healthy environment and the protection of life-sustaining ecological processes. It is based on thorough knowledge and requires or will result in products, manufacturing processes, developments, etc. which are in harmony with essential ecological processes and human health.

  • Proper resource pricing

    23 May 2002

    The pricing of natural resources at levels which reflect their combined economic and environmental values.

  • Subsidy

    23 May 2002

    A financial benefit or form of assistance given to producers (e.g., grants, loans, tax allowances)which enables them to sell or export goods at less than their costs of production, thus creating unfair competition.

  • World Commission on Environment and Development

    23 May 2002

    Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1983 to examine international and global environmental problems and to propose strategies for sustainable development. Chaired by Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland, the independent commission held meetings and public hearing around the world and submitted a report on its inquiry to the General Assembly in 1987.

  • Food security

    23 May 2002

    Access to sufficient nutritious food at all times.

  • World Food Summit (WFS)

    23 May 2002

    World Food Summit, held in 1996, at which governments pledged to halve the number of hungry poeple by 2015.

  • Food deficit

    23 May 2002

    A shortage of foodstuffs in relation to the recommended food needed.

  • Food surplus

    23 May 2002

    A surplus of foodstuffs in relation to the recommended food needed.